Je! Ni maagano gani yako katika biblia?



Swali: "Je! Ni maagano gani yako katika biblia?"

Jibu:
Biblia inasungumzia juu ya maagano saba tofauti, ambayo manne (Na Abrahamu, Kipalestina, Musa, na Dadudi) Mungu alifanya na taifa la Israeli na kihali sio ya masharti. Hiyo ni kusema, bila kujali utiivu wa Israeli au kutotii, Mungu bado atatimiza maagano haya kwa Israeli. Mojawapo ya maagano, Agano la Musa, ni la masharti kwa asili. Hiyo ni kusema, agano hili litaleta baraka au laana kulingana na utii wa Israeli au kutotii. Maagano matatu na (Adamu, Nuhu, Jipya) yamefanywa kati ya Mungu na wanadamu kwa ujumla, na sio tu kwa taifa la Israeli.

Agano la Adamu linaweza kufikiriwa katika sehemu mbili: Agano la Edeni (kutokuwa na hatia) na Agano la Adamu (neema) (Mwanzo 3: 16-19). Agano la Edeni linapatikana katika Mwanzo 1: 26-30; 2: 16-17. Agano la Edeni lilieleza wajibu wa mwanadamu juu ya uumbaji na maelekezo ya Mungu kuhusu mti wa ujuzi wa mema na mabaya. Agano la Adamu lilijumuisha laana iliyotamkwa dhidi ya wanadamu kwa ajili ya dhambi ya Adamu na Hawa, pamoja na dhamana ya Mungu kwa dhambi hiyo (Mwanzo 3:15).

Agano na Nuhu halikuwa la masharti kati ya Mungu na Nuhu (hasa) na binadamu (kwa ujumla). Baada ya gharika, Mungu aliahidi wanadamu kwamba hawezi kuiharibu tena dunia kwa Mafuriko (angalia Mwanzo sura ya 9). Mungu alitoa upinde wa mvua kama ishara ya agano, ahadi ya kwamba dunia nzima hakutakuwa tena mafuriko na kumbusho kwamba Mungu anaweza na atahukumu dhambi (2 Petro 2: 5).

Abrahamic Covenant (Genesis 12:1-3, 6-7; 13:14-17; 15; 17:1-14; 22:15-18). In this covenant, God promised many things to Abraham. He personally promised that He would make Abraham's name great (Genesis 12:2), that Abraham would have numerous physical descendants (Genesis 13:16), and that he would be the father of a multitude of nations (Genesis 17:4-5). God also made promises regarding a nation called Israel. In fact, the geographical boundaries of the Abrahamic Covenant are laid out on more than one occasion in the book of Genesis (12:7; 13:14-15; 15:18-21). Another provision in the Abrahamic Covenant is that the families of the world will be blessed through the physical line of Abraham (Genesis 12:3; 22:18). This is a reference to the Messiah, who would come from the line of Abraham.

Palestinian Covenant (Deuteronomy 30:1-10). The Palestinian Covenant amplifies the land aspect that was detailed in the Abrahamic Covenant. According to the terms of this covenant, if the people disobeyed, God would cause them to be scattered around the world (Deuteronomy 30:3-4), but He would eventually restore the nation (verse 5). When the nation is restored, then they will obey Him perfectly (verse 8), and God will cause them to prosper (verse 9).

Mosaic Covenant (Deuteronomy 11; et al.). The Mosaic Covenant was a conditional covenant that either brought God's direct blessing for obedience or God's direct cursing for disobedience upon the nation of Israel. Part of the Mosaic Covenant was the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20) and the rest of the Law, which contained over 600 commands—roughly 300 positive and 300 negative. The history books of the Old Testament (Joshua–Esther) detail how Israel succeeded at obeying the Law or how Israel failed miserably at obeying the Law. Deuteronomy 11:26-28 details the blessing/cursing motif.

Davidic Covenant (2 Samuel 7:8-16). The Davidic Covenant amplifies the "seed" aspect of the Abrahamic Covenant. The promises to David in this passage are significant. God promised that David's lineage would last forever and that his kingdom would never pass away permanently (verse 16). Obviously, the Davidic throne has not been in place at all times. There will be a time, however, when someone from the line of David will again sit on the throne and rule as king. This future king is Jesus (Luke 1:32-33).

New Covenant (Jeremiah 31:31-34). The New Covenant is a covenant made first with the nation of Israel and, ultimately, with all mankind. In the New Covenant, God promises to forgive sin, and there will be a universal knowledge of the Lord. Jesus Christ came to fulfill the Law of Moses (Matthew 5:17) and create a new covenant between God and His people. Now that we are under the New Covenant, both Jews and Gentiles can be free from the penalty of the Law. We are now given the opportunity to receive salvation as a free gift (Ephesians 2:8-9).

Within the discussion of the biblical covenants, there are a few issues that Christians are not agreed upon. First, some Christians think that all of the covenants are conditional in nature. If the covenants are conditional, then Israel failed miserably at fulfilling them. Others believe that the unconditional covenants have yet to be totally fulfilled and, regardless of Israel's disobedience, will come to fruition sometime in the future. Second, how does the church of Jesus Christ relate to the covenants? Some believe that the church fulfills the covenants and God will never deal with Israel again. This is called replacement theology and has little scriptural evidence. Others believe that the church initially or partially will fulfill these covenants. While many of the promises towards Israel are still in the future, many believe that the church shares in the covenants in some way. Others believe that the covenants are for Israel and for Israel alone, and that the church has no part in these covenants.

Agano la Abrahamu (Mwanzo 12: 1-3, 6-7, 13: 14-17; 15; 17: 1-14; 22: 15-18). Katika agano hili, Mungu aliahidi mambo mengi kwa Ibrahimu. Yeye mwenyewe aliahidi kwamba angefanya jina la Ibrahimu liwe kubwa (Mwanzo 12: 2), kwamba Ibrahimu angekuwa na wazao wengi wa kimwili (Mwanzo 13:16), na kwamba angekuwa baba wa mataifa mengi (Mwanzo 17: 4-5) ). Mungu pia alifanya ahadi kuhusu taifa lililoitwa Israeli. Kwa kweli, mipaka ya kijiografia ya Agano la Ibrahimu imewekwa zaidi ya mara moja katika kitabu cha Mwanzo (12: 7, 13: 14-15; 15: 18-21). Mpango mwingine katika Agano la Ibrahimu ni kwamba familia za dunia zitabarikiwa kwa njia ya mstari wa Ibrahimu (Mwanzo 12: 3; 22:18). Hii ni kumbukumbu ya Masihi, ambaye angekuja kutoka kwenye mstari wa Ibrahimu.

Agano la Palestina (Kumbukumbu la Torati 30: 1-10). Agano la Palestina linalenga kipengele cha ardhi ambacho kilikuwa kina katika Agano la Ibrahimu. Kwa mujibu wa masharti ya agano hili, ikiwa watu hawakuitii, Mungu angewafanya watangazwe duniani kote (Kumbukumbu la Torati 30: 3-4), lakini hatimaye atarudi taifa (mstari wa 5). Wakati taifa litarejeshwa, basi watamtii kikamilifu (mstari wa 8), na Mungu atawafanya kufanikiwa (mstari wa 9).

Agano la Musa (Kumbukumbu la Torati 11; et al.). Agano la Musa lilikuwa agano la masharti ambalo lilisababisha baraka za Mungu kwa utii au laana ya Mungu kwa uasi kwa taifa la Israeli. Sehemu ya Agano la Musa ilikuwa Amri Kumi (Kutoka 20) na Sheria yote, ambayo ilikuwa na amri zaidi ya 600-karibu 300 nzuri na 300 hasi. Vitabu vya historia ya Agano la Kale (Yoshua-Esta) maelezo ya jinsi Israeli ilivyoweza kutekeleza Sheria au jinsi Israeli alishindwa kwa kusikitisha katika kutii Sheria. Kumbukumbu la Torati 11: 26-28 linaelezea baraka / msimu wa maana.

Agano la Dawudi (2 Samweli 7: 8-16). Agano la Davidi linaonyesha kipengele cha "uzao" wa Agano la Ibrahimu. Ahadi kwa Daudi katika kifungu hiki ni muhimu. Mungu aliahidi kwamba uzao wa Daudi utaishi milele na kwamba ufalme wake hautakuondoka kabisa (mstari wa 16). Ni dhahiri, kiti cha enzi cha Davidi hajawahi kuwa mahali wakati wote. Kutakuwa na wakati, hata hivyo, wakati mtu kutoka kwenye mstari wa Daudi atakaa tena juu ya kiti cha enzi na kutawala kama mfalme. Mfalme huyu baadaye ni Yesu (Luka 1: 32-33).

Agano Jipya (Yeremia 31: 31-34). Agano Jipya ni agano lililofanywa kwanza na taifa la Israeli na, hatimaye, na watu wote. Katika Agano Jipya, Mungu anaahidi kusamehe dhambi, na kutakuwa na ujuzi wa wote wa Bwana. Yesu Kristo alikuja kutekeleza Sheria ya Musa (Mathayo 5:17) na kuunda agano jipya kati ya Mungu na watu wake. Sasa kwa kuwa sisi ni chini ya Agano Jipya, wote Wayahudi na Wayahudi wanaweza kuwa huru kutokana na adhabu ya Sheria. Sasa tunapewa fursa ya kupokea wokovu kama zawadi ya bure (Waefeso 2: 8-9).

Katika majadiliano ya maagano ya kibiblia, kuna masuala machache ambayo Wakristo hawakubaliana. Kwanza, Wakristo wengine wanafikiri kwamba maagano yote ni masharti kwa asili. Ikiwa maagano ni masharti, basi Israeli alishindwa kwa bidii katika kutimiza. Wengine wanaamini kuwa maagano yasiyo ya masharti hayajawahi kutekelezwa kabisa na, bila kujali uasi wa Israeli, utafikia wakati mwingine baadaye. Pili, kanisa la Yesu Kristo linahusianaje na maagano? Wengine wanaamini kuwa kanisa linatimiza maagano na Mungu hatatawala tena Israeli. Hii inaitwa teolojia ya uingizaji na ina ushahidi mdogo wa maandiko. Wengine wanaamini kwamba kanisa mwanzo au sehemu itakuwa kutimiza maagano haya. Wakati ahadi nyingi kuelekea Israeli bado ziko katika siku zijazo, wengi wanaamini kwamba kanisa inashirikiana katika maagano kwa namna fulani. Wengine wanaamini kuwa maagano ni ya Israeli na Israeli pekee, na kwamba kanisa halina sehemu katika maagano haya.


Rudi kwa ukurasa wa nyumbani wa Kiswahili

Je! Ni maagano gani yako katika biblia?