How do God's sovereignty and humanity's free will work together in salvation?Question: "How do God's sovereignty and humanity's free will work together in salvation?"
Answer: It is impossible for us to fully understand the relationship between God’s sovereignty and man’s free will and responsibility. Only God truly knows how they work together in His plan of salvation. With this doctrine, probably more so than with any other, it is crucially important to admit our inability to fully grasp the nature of God and our relationship with Him. Going too far to either side results in a distorted understanding of salvation.
Scripture is clear that God determines who will be saved (Romans 8:29; 1 Peter 1:2). Ephesians 1:4 tells us that God chose us “before the creation of the world.” The Bible repeatedly describes believers as the “chosen” (Romans 8:33, 11:5; Ephesians 1:11; Colossians 3:12; 1 Thessalonians 1:4; 1 Peter 1:2, 2:9) and the “elect” (Matthew 24:22, 31; Mark 13:20, 27; Romans 11:7; 1 Timothy 5:21; 2 Timothy 2:10; Titus 1:1; 1 Peter 1:1). The fact that believers are predestined (Romans 8:29-30; Ephesians 1:5, 11) and elected for salvation (Romans 9:11, 11:28; 2 Peter 1:10) is clear.
The Bible also says that we are responsible for receiving Christ as Savior. If we believe in Jesus Christ we will be saved (John 3:16; Romans 10:9-10). God knows who will be saved and God chooses who will be saved, and we must choose Christ in order to be saved. How these facts work together is impossible for a finite mind to comprehend (Romans 11:33-36). Our responsibility is to take the gospel to the world (Matthew 28:18-20; Acts 1:8). We should leave foreknowledge, election, and predestination up to God and simply be obedient in sharing the gospel.
Recommended Resource: Evangelism and the Sovereignty of God by J.I. Packer
More insights from your Bible study - Get Started with Logos Bible Software for Free!
Afrikaans, አማርኛ, عربى, հայերեն, বাংলা, Bosanski, Български, Cebuano, Cesky, 简体中文, 繁體中文, Dansk, Deutsch, Español, پارسی, Français, ქართული, Ελληνικά, עברית, हिन्दी, Hindī, Hrvatski, Indonesia, Italiano, 日本語, Kinyarwanda, Kiswahili, 한국어, Kreyòl Ayisyen, Latviešu, Lietuvių, македонски, Magyar, മലയാളം, मराठी, Melayu, Монгол, မြန်မာစာ, Nederlands, नेपाली, Norsk, ଓଡିଆ, Oromo, Polski, Português, ਪੰਜਾਬੀ, Română, Русский, Shqip, සිංහල, Slovenčina, Slovenščina, Srpski, Suomi, Svenska, Tagalog, தமிழ், తెలుగు, ภาษาไทย, Türkçe, українська, اُردُو, Uzbek, Việt, Yorùbá
How does God's sovereignty work together with free will?
What is predestination? Is predestination biblical?
How does the sovereignty of God impact my everyday life?
What is sovereign grace?
What does it mean that God draws us to salvation?
Questions about Salvation
How do God's sovereignty and humanity's free will work together in salvation?