Mene ne ra'ayin masu ƙaddara game da ƙarshen zamani?


Tambaya: "Mene ne ra'ayin masu ƙaddara game da ƙarshen zamani?"

Amsa:
Dangane da preterism, duk annabcin da ke cikin Littafi Mai Tsarki tarihi ne da gaske. Fassarar preterist na Littafi yana ɗaukar littafin Wahayin Yahaya a matsayin hoto na alama na rikice-rikice na ƙarni na farko, ba bayanin abin da zai faru a ƙarshen zamani ba. Kalmar preterism ta fito ne daga Latin praeter, ma'ana "da." Saboda haka, preterism shine ra'ayi cewa annabce-annabcen Littafi Mai-Tsarki game da "ƙarshen zamani" sun riga sun cika - a baya. Preterism yana adawa ne da gaba, wanda ke ganin annabce-annabcen ƙarshen zamani suna da cikar nan gaba.

Preterism ya kasu gida biyu: cikakken preterism (ko daidaito) preterism da bangaranci preterism. Wannan labarin zai iyakance tattaunawar zuwa cikakken preterism (ko hyper-preterism, kamar yadda wasu ke kira).

Preterism ya ƙaryata game da nan gaba ingancin annabci na littafin Wahayin Yahaya. Kungiyar preterist ta koyar da gaske cewa duk annabce-annabcen ƙarshen zamani na Sabon Alkawari sun cika a A.D. 70 lokacin da Romawa suka kai wa Urushalima hari kuma suka halaka ta. Preterism yana koyar da cewa kowane lamari da yake alaƙa da ƙarshen zamani ¬¬¬¬¬- zuwan Almasihu na biyu, ƙunci, tashin matattu, hukuncin ƙarshe - ya riga ya faru. (Game da shari'ar ƙarshe, har yanzu ana kan aiwatar da ita.) Dawowar Yesu zuwa duniya ta dawowar "ruhaniya" ce, ba ta zahiri ba.

Preterism yana koyar da cewa Doka ta cika a A.D. 70 kuma alkawarin Allah da Isra'ila ya ƙare. "Sabbin sammai da sabuwar duniya" waɗanda aka yi maganarsu a cikin Wahayin Yahaya 21:1, ga mai koyarwar, bayanin duniya ne a ƙarƙashin Sabon Alkawari. Kamar yadda aka maida Krista “sabon halitta” (2 Korantiyawa 5:17), don haka duniyar da ke ƙarƙashin Sabon Alkawari “sabuwar duniya” ce. Wannan yanayin na preterism na iya haifar da imanin maye gurbin tiyoloji.

Masu yawan bayyana ra'ayi galibi suna nuni zuwa wani sashi a Jawabin Yesu game da Zaitun don ƙarfafa maganganunsu. Bayan da Yesu ya bayyana wasu abubuwan da ke faruwa a ƙarshen zamani, sai ya ce, "Hakika, ina gaya muku, zamanin nan ba zai shuɗe ba sai duk abubuwan nan sun auku." (Matiyu 24:34). Marubucin ya ɗauki wannan yana nufin cewa duk abin da Yesu yayi magana akan shi a cikin Matiyu 24 dole ne ya faru tsakanin ƙarni ɗaya na maganarsa --- halakar Urushalima a A.D. 70 saboda haka "Ranar Shari'a."

Matsaloli tare da preterism suna da yawa. Abu daya, alkawarin Allah tare da Isra'ila na har abada ne (Irmiya 31:33--36), kuma za'a dawo da Isra'ila nan gaba (Ishaya 11:12). Manzo Bulus ya yi kashedi game da waɗanda, kamar Himinayus da Filitus, suke koyar da ƙarya "cewa tashin matattu ya riga ya faru, kuma suna ɓata imanin wasu" (2 Timothawus 2:17-18). Kuma ambaton Yesu game da "wannan tsara" ya kamata a ɗauka da ma'anar tsara da ke raye don ganin farkon abubuwan da aka bayyana a cikin Matiyu 24.

Ilimin kimiyya fanni ne mai rikitarwa, kuma amfani da Littafi Mai Tsarki game da hangen nesa don danganta annabce-annabce da yawa ya haifar da fassarori iri-iri game da al'amuran ƙarshen zamani. Akwai wuri don wasu rashin jituwa tsakanin Kiristanci game da waɗannan abubuwa. Koyaya, cikakken preterism yana da wasu kurakurai masu tsanani a cikin cewa yana musun gaskiyar zahiri na zuwan Christs na biyu kuma yana saukar da mummunan yanayin tsananin ta ƙayyade lamarin har zuwa faɗuwar Urushalima.

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Mene ne ra'ayin masu ƙaddara game da ƙarshen zamani?