Ta yaya kuma a yaushe ne aka tsara kundin mulki Littafin Mai Tsarki?


Tambaya: "Ta yaya kuma a yaushe ne aka tsara kundin mulki Littafin Mai Tsarki?"

Amsa:
Kalmar "kundi tsarin mulki" ana amfani da ita don bayyana littattafan da Allah ya hure saboda haka suna cikin Littafi Mai Tsarki. Matsalar da muke fuskanta game da tsarin Littafi Mai Tsarki shine cewa Littafi Mai Tsarki bai bamu jerin littattafan da suke cikin tsa ba. Tabbatar da kundin tsari ne wanda Yahudawa da malamai na Yahudawa suka gudanar da farko sannan daga baya Kiristoci na farko. Daga karshe, Allah ne ya yanke shawarar abin da littattafai suke a cikin kundin littafi mai tsarki. Wani littafi na nassi ya kasance a cikin littafin tun daga lokacin da Allah ya yi wahayi zuwa ga rubuta shi. Al’amari ne kawai na gamsar da mabiyansa na Allah waɗanne littattafai ya kamata a saka a cikin Littafi Mai Tsarki.

Idan aka kwatanta da Sabon Alkawari, akwai ƙaramin jayayya game da batun Tsohon Alkawari. Muminan Ibraniyawa sun amince da manzannin Allah kuma sun yarda da rubuce-rubucensu hurarre daga Allah. Duk da yake babu makawa wasu muhawara dangane da littafin Tsohon Alkawari, kafin A.D. 250 akwai kusan yarjejeniya ta duniya game da littafin Ibrananci. Abinda kawai ya rage shine Apocrypha, tare da wasu muhawara da tattaunawa ci gaba a yau. Mafi yawan Malaman Ibrananci sun ɗauki Apocrypha a matsayin kyawawan takardu na tarihi da na addini, amma ba daidai ba ne da Nassosin Ibrananci.

Ga Sabon Alkawari, tsarin amincewa da tarawa ya fara a ƙarnin farko na cocin Kirista. Da wuri sosai, ana gane wasu littattafan Sabon Alkawari. Bulus yayi la’akari da rubuce-rubucen Luka da cewa suna da iko kamar na Tsohon Alkawari (1 Timothawus 5:18; duba kuma Kubawar Shari’a 25:4 da Luka 10:7). Bitrus ya fahimci rubuce-rubucen Bulus kamar Nassi (2 Bitrus 3:15-16). Wasu littattafan Sabon Alkawari suna yawo a tsakanin cocin (Kolosiyawa 4:16; 1 Tassalunikawa 5:27). Clement na Rome ya ambata aƙalla littattafan Sabon Alkawari takwas (A.D. 95). Ignatius na Antakiya ya yarda da littattafai bakwai (A.D. 115). Polycap, almajirin Yahaya manzo, ya yarda da littattafai 15 (A.D. 108). Daga baya, Irenaeus ya ambaci littattafai 21 (A.D.155). Hippolytus ya amince da littattafai 22 (A.D. 170-235). Littattafan Sabon Alkawari waɗanda suka karɓi mafi yawan rikice-rikice sune Ibraniyawa, Yakubu, 2 Bitrus, 2 Yahaya, da 3 Yahaya.

“Kundin tsarin mulki” na farko shi ne Kundi tsarin mulki Muratorian, wanda aka tattara shi a A.D. 170. Kundi tsarin mulki Muratorian ya ƙunshi duka littattafan Sabon Alkawari ban da Ibraniyawa, Yakubu, 1 da 2 Bitrus, da 3 Yahaya. A A.D. 363, Majalisar Laodicea ta bayyana cewa Tsohon Alkawari (tare da Apocrypha) da littattafai 27 na Sabon Alkawari ne kawai za a karanta a cikin majami'u. Majalisar Hippo (A.D. 393) da majalisar Carthage (A.D. 397) suma sun tabbatar da littattafai guda 27 a matsayin masu iko.

Majalisun sun bi wani abu makamancin waɗannan ƙa'idodi masu zuwa don sanin ko ainihin littafin Sabon Alkawari ya sami ruhu mai tsarki da gaske: 1) Marubucin manzo ne? 2) Shin jikin Kristi yana karbar littafin gaba daya? 3) Shin littafin ya kunshi daidaito na koyaswa da koyarwar Na gargajiya? 4) Shin littafin yana da shaidar kyawawan dabi'u da ruhaniya wanda zai nuna aikin Ruhu Mai Tsarki? Bugu da ƙari, yana da mahimmanci a tuna cewa cocin ba ta yanke shawarar kanon ba. Allah ne, kuma Allah shi kaɗai, ya ƙaddara littattafan da ke cikin Littafi Mai Tsarki. Al'amari ne kawai na baiwa Allah ga mabiyansa abin da ya riga ya yanke shawara. Tsarin ɗan adam na tattara littattafan Littafi Mai Tsarki bai yi daidai ba, amma Allah, a cikin ikonsa, kuma duk da jahilcinmu da taurin kanmu, ya kawo ikkilisiya ta farko ga sanin littattafan da ya yi wahayi.

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Ta yaya kuma a yaushe ne aka tsara kundin mulki Littafin Mai Tsarki?